Global Estimation of Boundary Admittance in Cavities by Inverse Methods
Reflection and absorption of sound waves on boundaries play a determining role for the optimization of acoustical properties in closed rooms. Above all the geometry and dynamic behavior of the wall structure are responsible for it. These boundary terms are quantifiable within the scope of numerical acoustics by the so-called admittance boundary conditions of the acoustical boundary value problem. Especially at low frequencies the quality of acoustical simulation depends strongly on the recognition of boundary admittances. The present work includes the development of two different inverse algorithms based on deterministic discretization methods for the global determination of frequency-dependent boundary admittance parameters. The approach of global determination of admittances allows to take account for non-perpendicular wave incident.
For the method to work an experiment shall be initially conducted. In that process all present sound sources and microphone arrays scanning the sound field must be located and measured and a model of the geometry of the room needs to be created. The developed algorithms calculate then a global admittance distribution based on this data. Using successfully identified admittance characteristics as admittance boundary condition, low frequency simulation in rooms of complex geometry and arbitrary consistency of the surface shall be improved.
Identifying boundary admittances out of partially measured sound pressure data is classifiable as inverse acoustic problem. In order to develop inverse formulations the acoustical boundary value problem is discretized by means of the Boundary Element and the Finite Element Method. The inverse formulation of the Boundary Element equations composes an ill-posed but linear system of equations. In contrast, based on Finite Elements only a nonlinear optimization problem can be set up that often features a bad condition due to the complexity of the inverse problem.
The comparison of these linear and nonlinear algorithms of the inverse acoustic problem of global determination of boundary admittances in respect of derivation, implemented solution techniques and differing solution qualities states an essential result of this work.
The investigation of admittance reconstruction at two and three-dimensional theoretical models reveal the influences of model accuracy, measurement expense and noise on measured data onto the results of both inverse algorithms. Finally, the problem of global admittance determination is subjected to experimentally obtained data (at Brüel & Kjaer) in order to check for practical applicability.