Modeling by the finite element method of acoustic radiation in waveguides lined with locally or non locally reacting absorbent materials in the presence of flow
Our concern in this work is the problem of acoustic propagation in guides lined with locally or non locally reacting materials with the presence of mean fluid flow. In several industrial systems such as aircraft jet engines, mufflers exhaust and ventilation systems, noise is mostly channeled outside by guides of more or less complex geometries. A study of waveguides makes it possible to predict and understand the physical phenomena such as refraction, convection, absorption and wave attenuation. In waveguides studies, guides are often considered infinitely long to get rid of some phenomena (reflection for example) at their ends. Solving the problem of acoustic propagation in infinite guides by finite element method requires to truncate the infinite domain by artificial boundaries on which transparent boundary conditions must be written. In this work, the transparent boundary conditions are written as a Dirichlet-to-Neumann (DtN) operators based on sound pressure decomposition on the eigenmodes basis of the studied guide by taking into account the influence of parameters such as flow and acoustic liners in the guide walls. Acoustic propagation in the guide is governed by a model based on the scalar Helmholtz equation and the used liners are locally reacting materials of local impedance Z and porous materials. In this study, we focused particularly rigid porous materials modelized by an equivalent fluid because the acoustic propagation in these materials is also governed by the Helmholtz equation as in a fluid medium. Results of studies of acoustic propagation in uniform straight lined guides with a uniform flow allowed to validate the method developed to truncate infinite domains. The study was also done successfully for non uniform lined guides with a potential mean flow.